Paraphrasing Strategies: 10 Simple Techniques For Effective Paraphrasing In 5 Minutes Or Less Books ^HOT^
As the author of this book, I believe that this book will be an indispensable reference and trusted guide for you who may want to reuse the information of the original text or passage naturally and legally without worrying about plagiarism. Once you read this book, I guarantee you that you will have learned an extraordinarily wide range of useful, and practical paraphrasing techniques that will help you become a successful English writer, particularly in examinations such as Cambridge FCE, CAE, CPE, SAT, TOFEL, and IELTS; as well as you will even become a successful English user in work and in life within a short period of time only.
Paraphrasing Strategies: 10 Simple Techniques For Effective Paraphrasing In 5 Minutes Or Less books
Additionally, when you finish reading each book, I invite you to review your notes several times to become familiar with the information, so that you can pick out the big ideas from the book. After you have read five books, you are encouraged to combine the ideas from the different books. But what does any of this have to do with effective paraphrasing, you may ask. Hold on a minute, it will become clear.
Taking notes while you are listening is very different from when you are reading. When you are reading, you can easily flip back the pages if you missed key information. That is not the case when you are attending lectures and speaker events. And even if you are taking a course online, listening to a podcast or watching a video, it is annoying when you often have to rewind or pause. And you waste precious time that way. So, whether you are reading a book or listening to information, you should be translating what you are seeing and hearing, and you do this by paraphrasing. See why learning to paraphrase effectively is so important?
I hope that I have convinced you that how to paraphrase effectively is a worthwhile topic to cover on this blog, and that paraphrasing is a skill for you to develop. You will paraphrase in the situations I mentioned above while reading and listening because having too many quotations in your work decreases readability. And you appear like you do not have your own thoughts and do not understand the information. When you rewrite an author's word without changing the meaning, you truly understand her work.
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In other cases, a writer may commit accidental plagiarism due to carelessness, haste, or misunderstanding. For instance, a writer may be unable to provide a complete, accurate citation because of neglecting to record bibliographical information. A writer may cut and paste a passage from a website into her paper and later forget where the material came from. A writer who procrastinates may rush through a draft, which easily leads to sloppy paraphrasing and inaccurate quotations. Any of these actions can create the appearance of plagiarism and lead to negative consequences.
This section covers the nitty-gritty details of in-text citations. You will learn how to format citations for different types of source materials, whether you are citing brief quotations, paraphrasing ideas, or quoting longer passages. You will also learn techniques you can use to introduce quoted and paraphrased material effectively. Keep this section handy as a reference to consult while writing the body of your paper.
Earlier you learned about summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting when taking notes. In the next few sections, you will learn how to use these techniques in the body of your paper to weave in source material to support your ideas.
Less-experienced writers, however, sometimes overuse direct quotations in a research paper because it seems easier than paraphrasing. At best, this reduces the effectiveness of the quotations. At worst, it results in a paper that seems haphazardly pasted together from outside sources. Use quotations sparingly for greater impact.
Remember, what you write in essays should be primarily your own words; your instructors want to know what your ideas are and for you to demonstrate your own critical thinking. This means you should only use the ideas of experts in the form of quotes to support your ideas. A paper that consists of mostly quotes pieced together does not demonstrate original thought but rather that you are good at cutting and pasting. Therefore, you should strive to state your ideas, develop them thoroughly, and then insert a supporting quote, and only if necessary. Focus on paraphrasing and integrating and blending those external sources into your own ideas (giving the original author credit by using a citation, of course). When deciding to use any quotation as opposed to paraphrasing, you need to make sure the quote is a statement that the original author has worded so beautifully it would be less effective if you changed it into your own words. When you find something you would like to include verbatim (word for word) from a source, you need to decide if you should include the whole paragraph or section, or a smaller part. Sometimes, you may choose to use a longer quote but remove any unnecessary words. You would then use ellipses to show what content you have removed. The following examples show how this is done.
Reviewing the literature requires the ability to juggle multiple tasks, from finding and evaluating relevant material to synthesising information from various sources, from critical thinking to paraphrasing, evaluating, and citation skills . In this contribution, I share ten simple rules I learned working on about 25 literature reviews as a PhD and postdoctoral student. Ideas and insights also come from discussions with coauthors and colleagues, as well as feedback from reviewers and editors.
Typically relying on one technique to paraphrase in your writing is doable, but it can be stressful and not very effective. To get the best results, try using at least two or three different techniques. Using synonyms combined with changing the grammar or word order can have a dramatic effect on your paraphrasing skills.
The videos below demonstrate a strategy and some tips on how to effectively use a source by paraphrasing. The first video is an in-depth demonstration and overview (8 mins). The second video is a review of the tips shared in the longer video (2 mins, 30 seconds).
In our active world of communication one cannot afford to exclude the art of listening. As a leader, you must listen to your constituents in order to be effective. You need to listen and correctly understand all messages from group members. Active listening differs from hearing. Hearing is the act of perceiving audible sounds with the ear and is a passive act. Listening, on the other hand, is the active pursuit of understanding what the other person is saying and feeling. In active listening, the receiver tries to understand what the sender is feeling and what the message means. The listener puts his/her understanding into his/her own words and feeds it back to the sender for verification. It is important to feed back only what the listener feels the sender's message meant, nothing more, nothing less. This creates an atmosphere of acceptance and understanding in which the sender can explore the problem and determine a solution. To listen actively and to understand is not a passive or simple activity. The following are important characteristics of a "good listener". Be There Be present in heart, mind, and spirit with the person. You need to hear what he/she has to say. If you don't have the time, or don't want to listen, wait until you do. Accept Accept the person as she/he is without judgment or reservation or putting the person in a mental box or category, even though she/he may be very different from you. Trust Trust the person's ability to handle his/her own feelings, work through them, and find solutions to his/her own problems. Respect Feelings Accept the person's feelings, whatever they may be or however they may differ from your feelings or from what you think a person "should" feel. Don't be afraid that just because the feeling is expressed that the person will always feel that way. Remember that feelings change. Listen